Pros and Cons of Audio Mixing with Headphones

Pros and Cons of Audio Mixing with Headphones

Mixing with Headphones

Introduction

When it comes to audio mixing, one crucial aspect is the choice of monitoring system. While studio monitors have traditionally been the primary tool for this task, many recording engineers have also started incorporating high-quality headphones into their workflow. In this blog article, we will explore the pros and cons of audio mixing with headphones from the perspective of a recording engineer producing a song in the studio. Additionally, we will delve into popular high-end headphones used by recording engineers and touch upon recording room modeling and headphone modeling technology and products offered by Waves Audio.

Part 1: Pros of Audio Mixing with Headphones


  1. Isolation and Focus: One of the significant advantages mixing with headphones is the ability to isolate yourself from external noise. This allows for enhanced focus on the intricacies of the mix, enabling you to hear subtle details and make precise adjustments. Headphones also eliminate the influence of the room's acoustics, making it easier to identify flaws in the mix.
  2. Portable and Consistent Listening Environment: Mixing with Headphones provide a consistent listening environment regardless of the physical space. This portability enables recording engineers to mix in various locations without worrying about room acoustics. It is particularly advantageous for those working in home studios or traveling frequently, as they can maintain a consistent sonic reference.
  3. Enhanced Stereo Imaging: When mixing with headphones, stereo imaging becomes more pronounced. The close proximity of the drivers to the ears creates a focused soundstage, making it easier to perceive the placement and panning of individual elements within the mix. This precision allows for accurate spatial placement of instruments and effects.

"Isolation and Focus: One of the significant advantages of mixing with headphones is the ability to isolate yourself from external noise. "

Part 2: Cons of Audio Mixing with Headphones


  1. Lack of Physical Vibration: Studio monitors provide an immersive listening experience by producing physical vibrations that can be felt throughout the body. This tactile sensation adds an additional layer of perception, aiding in the understanding of low-frequency content. In contrast, mixing with headphones lack this physicality, potentially leading to imbalanced bass frequencies in the mix.
  2. Overemphasis on Details: While the ability to hear intricate details while mixing with headphones is a positive aspect, it can also lead to overemphasizing certain elements. In a mix, it's essential to strike a balance between the micro and macro perspective. Mixing exclusively with headphones may result in a skewed perception of the overall mix, leading to unintended compromises when listened to on other playback systems.
  3. Limited Perception of Room Acoustics: Mixing with headphones excludes the experience of the listening environment's natural reverberation and spatial characteristics. As a result, the mix may not translate accurately to other systems that do have room acoustics. This limitation in mixing with headphones makes it essential to cross-reference mixes on different playback systems, such as studio monitors or car speakers.

Part 3: Popular High-End Headphones for Recording Engineers When Mixing With Headphones


  1. Sennheiser HD 800 S: The Sennheiser HD 800 S is renowned for its exceptional transparency and detailed sound reproduction. With a wide soundstage and precise imaging, it is favored by many recording engineers for critical listening and audio mixing tasks. Mixing with headphones. 
  2. Audeze LCD-X: The Audeze LCD-X is a planar magnetic headphone that offers a neutral and accurate frequency response. Its extended bass response and open-back design provide a natural sound representation, making it suitable for mixing applications.
  3. Beyerdynamic DT 1990 Pro: The Beyerdynamic DT 1990 Pro is known for its analytical sound signature and impressive build quality. With a precise and detailed sound reproduction, it has become a popular choice among recording engineers seeking a reliable monitoring tool.

Part 4: Recording Room Modeling and Headphone Modeling Technology when Mixing with Headphones

Waves Audio, a renowned audio software company, offers solutions for recording room modeling and headphone modeling to enhance the accuracy of headphone mixing.


  1. Waves Abbey Road Studio 3: This is a great plugin that I use personally when mixing with headphones. Abbey Road Studio 3 is a plugin that emulates the acoustics of the legendary Studio 3 control room at Abbey Road Studios. It provides a three-dimensional audio environment, compensating for the lack of room acoustics when mixing with headphones. By simulating the studio's acoustics, it helps in achieving more accurate mixes.
  2. Waves Nx: I also personally use this plugin when mixing with headphones. Waves Nx is a virtual monitoring plugin that simulates the experience of mixing on speakers in a physical room. It combines head tracking technology with binaural rendering to create a realistic listening experience when mixing with headphones. Nx helps overcome the inherent limitations of  mixing with headphones by recreating the perception of a physical monitoring setup.

Mixing in Headphones Conclusion

In the world of audio mixing, headphones offer numerous advantages such as isolation, portability, and enhanced stereo imaging. However, they also come with drawbacks like the lack of physical vibration and limited perception of room acoustics. It is important for recording engineers to be aware of these pros and cons and carefully consider their choice of monitoring system based on the specific requirements of each project. By incorporating technologies like recording room modeling and headphone modeling from Waves Audio, engineers can mitigate some of the limitations and achieve more accurate mixes when using headphones for audio production.

David E. Tedeschi

Author | David E. Tedeschi


"Where tech meets tunes, that's where you'll find me!"  

Hi there, I'm David E. Tedeschi, the proud owner of Tedeschi Studio, LLC, and an all-rounder who wears many hats with pride! 


By day, I am a software developer for a non-profit self-regulatory organization in the U.S. derivatives industry. By night, I transform into a musician, producer, and mix engineer.


Apart from software development and music, I dabble in art and entrepreneurship, always eager to explore new avenues and opportunities.  I believe in the power of creativity and innovation, and I strive to make a difference through my work.